Montessori activities are divided into five primary groups:
With tangible learning materials, a sensorial experience always precedes an abstract concept. Math curriculum begins with activities to teach sequence, recognition, and quantity of numbers 1-10. Two parallel lesson formats continue with concepts of (1) the process of the operations (addition, multiplication, subtraction, and division) and (2) the memorization of math facts-the tables of addition, multiplication, subtraction, and division. Eventually used together, these two disciplines form the foundation for working complex math problems “in one’s head.” Other lessons introduce and develop math problems and skills such as odd and even numbers, linear counting and number recognition through 1000, “skip” counting, the squares and cubes of numbers 1-10 and fractions. Ultimately, the concrete and unique Montessori math materials provide children a firm foundation for math concepts without any math phobias for the academic years to come.